The U.S. Supreme Court Rules that a Board’s Verbal Censure of its Board Member’s Speech Does Not Violate the First Amendment

On March 24, 2022, the U.S. Supreme Court held in a unanimous decision that an elected body can censure other members of the same body for their speech, without running afoul of First Amendment protections. The case is Houston Community College System v. Wilson, ___ S.Ct. ___, 2022 WL 867307 (2022).  As we discussed in…

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President Biden’s Vaccination Mandate to Go Into Effect Friday, November 5, 2021

Today, the Biden Administration, through the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), issued an emergency temporary standard (ETS) mandating vaccinations or weekly testing for workers of employers with 100 or more employees. Who is covered by the mandate? The ETS applies to businesses with 100 or more employees “firm or company-wide.” The 28 states and…

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